Adventure U.S. Washington DC

Awe-Inspiring Waterfalls: Great Falls National Park

Gawking at awe-inspiring waterfalls should be on every traveler’s list. Standing at the Great Falls Park guard rail and watching the frantic falls pound the rocks below on the Potomac River, I am transported out of everyday stresses. I could have been standing on a cruise liner or staring down a mountain cliff. All I hear is the deafening sound of water. The park is located in Great Falls, Virginia.

Everyone tries to find their corner even if it is just a porthole on a straight line. It is only 9:15 am on Sunday but the 800-acre National Park is already filling up. Everyone wants to escape the four walls of their abode and bask in the sun.

Awe-Inspiring Waterfalls

There are three overlooks at the park which provide premium views of the waterfalls. (This is not below-decks, no-window-view sightseeing at Great Falls.) I gaze at the wonder of mountains, cliffs, trees, water, and the cascading falls below.

Normally, I don’t get to be around awe-inspiring waterfalls every day, month, or even year. But during the pandemic, I began to seek out any type of outdoor expedition. Time in nature is soothing. I can look into the foam rising from the billowing waves crashing on the rocks and trust the chaos of Mother Nature.

Sierra founder John Muir cherished his time in the wilderness: “I’ll interpret the rocks, learn the language of flood, storm, and the avalanche. I’ll acquaint myself with the glaciers and wild gardens, and get as near the heart of the world as I can.”

“As long as I live, I’ll hear waterfalls and birds and winds sing.”

John Muir

Close to Washington, D.C.

During the pandemic, I couldn’t climb Yosemite. I couldn’t get on a plane to visit the wilds of Alaska or tramp through a petrified forest in Arizona—all getaways for Muir. But I could see these local awe-inspiring waterfalls. Listening to the birds, I felt such comfort. I was in the heart of nature yet only a 30-minute drive from my D.C. condo.

Consequently, it gets a lot of local visitors. Great Falls is a destination that is close to residents in Maryland, Virginia, and Washington DC. It costs $20 per vehicle or $15 per motorcycle to visit. (If you walk or bike to the park, the individual fee is $10). But there are five free days a year where the fee is waived. You can also buy a $35 individual annual pass. But I get to park for free as I purchased the Senior Lifetime Pass when I turned 62 years old. It is the deal of the century.

Extreme Sports

People come to Great Falls to explore extreme sports (like white water rafting or rock climbing). There is a $200 fine if a park ranger catches you swimming or wading in the falls. The 30+ feet river currents are deep and deadly. A sign warns that “an average of seven people a year drown in this area …” It is posted near Overlook 1.

Visitors also pursue hiking, kayaking, and dog walking. Family picnics are a big draw. But most people come to see the Great Falls.

Indeed, the majesty of the falls will draw you like a magnet to the edge of the cliff. Both locals and tourists flock to see Great Falls National Park.

“At Great Falls, the Potomac River builds up speed and force as it falls over a series of steep, jagged rocks and flows through the narrow Mather Gorge.”

National Park Service

Mather Gorge is named after Stephen F. Mather, the first National Park Service Director.

Home to Powhatan Indians

Most visitors probably are unaware that the Potomac River was a trading place for local Powhatan Indian tribes and colonists. It dates back nearly four centuries. Since 1966, Great Falls Park has been protected as a U.S. National Park (NPS).

“The preservation of the Patowmack Canal is part of the National Park Service’s continuing efforts to protect and preserve special resources with national significance. The Archeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 protects the Patowmack Canal, Matildaville ruins, and any historic artifacts within Great Falls Park. This law prohibits excavation, removal, or displacement of any archaeological resources,” according to the NPS.

Awe-Inspiring Kayakers

The choices are endless on this sunny Sunday morning. I can walk, hike, or climb. But I just sit on a bolder, transfixed by the surging waters. I keep my eyes on a drama that is being enacted on the Potomac River. No tickets are required. Three female kayakers attempt to row up the river. The sound of the rippling-then-crashing white waves sounds like a symphony orchestra warming up to play.

Great Falls Overlook 1

But the stream won’t permit the three kayakers to row past the small falls. One woman, attired in a pink jacket with a tiger print kayak, turns her boat in circles. Her oars glide left and right quickly.

Finally, she swings past it. “Whoooo” she shouts out as she suddenly briskly turns the front of her kayak (the bow) to head downstream. Below her waits her friend who is dressed in a canary yellow jacket and tangerine helmet. The third friend rides down to meet them. Reunited they head into the broad river toward the next tiny waterfalls. This is a nature show available for all the hikers standing or sitting on the rocks above can watch.

Awe-Inspiring Waterfalls

Next, I watch a young couple shimmy up a cliff that stands alone right in the Potomac River. The base is a straight shelf. They scoot their butts up to reach the slanted pinnacle. Here they rest momentarily and watch the awe-inspiring waterfalls. But it must be nerve-wracking because they stay less than five minutes.

Suddenly, a flash diverts my attention. Ahead a blackbird sweeps through the sky. It indents the pale blue sky like it is stapled in place. I am surprised I do not see more birds. They are glorious to watch fly as they spread their wings wide.

My Hiking Plan

After resting for a while, I resume my hike. I plan to stop at each overlook, including Fisherman’s Eddy and then hike down River Trail. The Patowmack Canal parallels the Great Falls. The water passes into Mather Gorge before going toward the Potomac River and the Maryland side of the Falls. Time to change trails.

For example, I will cut across the forest to reach Matildaville Trail which is named after the ruins of the Patowmack Company’s headquarters and construction site. It once featured the company superintendent’s house, a market, a gristmill, a sawmill, a foundry, an inn, an ice house, workers’ barracks, boarding houses, and a few small homes. From there my path will take me past Sandy’s Landing and Cow Hoof Rock before it verges onto Ridge Trail. Across the water lies mysterious locales, such as Bear Island. (I don’t see any bears.)

Difficult Run Trail

Although my legs are starting to ache, I can’t resist exploring the Difficult Run Trail. The trail parallels the Potomac River and the awe-inspiring falls. I frequently see a lone hiker who sits on a rock to read. You could hide here all day. The sound of rushing water compliments the crunch of my shoes hitting crumbling leaves.

As I look down through the thick grove of trees, I see a bright green halo of trees. Then I walk to the dead end which empties onto the park’s entrance road. I don’t want to walk on the asphalt so I turn back and retrace my steps. (I can vouch it’s aptly named. It is quite a hike back uphill.)

A dead end

Picnic Tables Available

Now I am getting hungry. I am past the 3.5-hour mark on my hike. I discover a picnic table ahead. It is situated near a hilly top terrain that descends to the banks of the Potomac River. It shows years of abuse by lovers who carved in their intertwined initials. I also think someone with a can of pink paint sprayed it. The oak tree bears the sheen of pink stain in its bark.

There is also the soft green moss that grows on the side of the tree. Stray autumn leaves skydive from branches above, blanketed by a breeze. A leaf sweeps past my face to dive-bomb in the ground. I decide to rest momentarily here and read a poem. This would have been the perfect place to eat a picnic lunch but I didn’t pack one. I had no idea that I would stay so long at the park. I will know next time to pack a sandwich. I am famished.

Equestrian Trails

Meanwhile, on my way back to the awe-inspiring waterfalls, I see two equestrians out for their morning ride. Horseback riding is permitted on the Old Carriage Road, Matildaville Trail, Mine Run Trail, and the Ridge Trail.

Equestrians can ride an eight-mile route. All the trails are connected for one continuous ride. It must be a lovely place to ride all the dark forested paths. I wonder if horses like the awe-inspiring waterfalls.

Dogs Welcome

I continue to greet all the dogs who are taking their humans for a walk. It is a glorious sight to see so many pups out on the trail. Since I adopted my Golden Retriever (Parker), I bring him regularly to Great Falls National Park to hike. (Check out “Great Falls National Park: Dogs Welcome.”

Great Falls Park charges $20 per vehicle for parking. But if you buy an annual or Lifetime National Park Pass, you can park for free.

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  • Shannon
    October 23, 2020 at 8:42 pm

    This looks amazing! I’ve been to Maryland a dozen times or more, but never visited this park, sadly. Thanks for sharing!

    • Terri Markle
      October 24, 2020 at 6:47 am

      There is actually a Maryland and Virginia side to Great Falls. The waterfalls are most stunning, in my opinion, on the Virginia side but I highly recommend hiking all the trails. You must see Great Falls on your next trip to Maryland Shannon!

  • Sharyn
    October 23, 2020 at 10:08 pm

    This place looks amazing. And it also looks like you had great weather for your hike. Enjoyed the walk immensely.

    • Terri Markle
      October 24, 2020 at 6:46 am

      I think Great Falls Park will be a regular getaway for me for weekend hikes. It helps so much to get out in nature during the pandemic. Soothes the soul.

  • Irma R Franco
    October 24, 2020 at 9:16 am

    Dear Terri ,

    This is inspiring !

    Thank you ❤️

    • Terri Markle
      October 24, 2020 at 10:13 am

      We must hike Great Falls in 2021 together!

  • Margie
    October 24, 2020 at 11:27 am

    I am actually planning a trip and stopping here, enjoyed reading about the park and looking forward to seeing the rapids.

    • Terri Markle
      October 24, 2020 at 4:53 pm

      Margie you are going to have so much fun. Just come during a warm time. You don’t want to be in those waters when it gets COLD!

  • Catherine
    October 24, 2020 at 12:07 pm

    For some reason I never think of Virginia as being particularly scenic. This post corrected that misunderstanding! So many beautiful places to visit in VA.

    • Terri Markle
      October 24, 2020 at 4:52 pm

      Virginia is gorgeous. Whether you are driving Skyline Drive, hiking in the state or national parks or headed to the ocean, there is so much variety.

  • Alanna Koritzke
    October 24, 2020 at 12:40 pm

    I love the perspective you give in this post. I think we’re all looking for a little escape and now, the experience is different. I appreciate your story and insight.

    • Terri Markle
      October 24, 2020 at 4:54 pm

      I really do try to see how engaging in nature and getting away from our anxieties during these troubling times can help us a little bit. Thank you so much!

  • Lisa Wilson
    October 24, 2020 at 2:49 pm

    Wonderful blog and fantastic photos. Looks great for hiking there.

    • Terri Markle
      October 24, 2020 at 4:52 pm

      Lisa it is absolutely wonderful to hike here. I am so lucky to live so near.

  • Cristina
    October 24, 2020 at 5:24 pm

    Great post! This place looks absolutely beautiful and relaxing. I love hiking and walking during this time of the year as it’s cooler and it’s amazing to see how trees turn brown.

    • Katy
      October 25, 2020 at 5:52 am

      What an inspiring post about a really beautiful hike. I didn’t know Virginia was this stunning. Thanks for sharing ❤️

      • Terri Markle
        October 25, 2020 at 6:07 am

        I am so glad you found it inspiring Katy! Getting into nature is such a balm during these difficult and scary times. Stay well!

  • Margarita Ibbott ~ DownshiftingPRO
    October 24, 2020 at 9:04 pm

    This is so beautiful. I have always wanted to visit Virginia, I have only driven through the state on our way to Florida. That was 30 years ago! I pinned this to a few boards too!

    • Terri Markle
      October 25, 2020 at 6:08 am

      Margarita you definitely need to plan another trip to see the DMV – DC, Maryland and Virginia. There are so many wonderful places to visit. Thank you!

  • Marcella
    October 25, 2020 at 10:09 am

    Wow this looks like a lovely hike. I love the photos, the blue skies, the water, it really makes me want to go out there! Thanks for the inspiration!

    • Terri Markle
      October 25, 2020 at 1:13 pm

      I am so glad you enjoyed the photography. The waterfalls are breathtaking. Stay inspired!

  • Joanna Kalafatis
    October 25, 2020 at 11:40 am

    This looks incredible…I love the idea of de-stressing in nature, and especially finding these beautiful little parks and corners I hadn’t heard of before! Great post!

    • Terri Markle
      October 25, 2020 at 1:12 pm

      Nature is my #1 option to destress. It works every time. Thanks Joanna!

  • Tara Tadlock
    October 26, 2020 at 4:48 am

    I used to live in Great Falls, Montana, and any form I’d fill out online would always bring up Virginia haha! What a small world. I’d love to visit one day.

    • Terri Markle
      October 26, 2020 at 6:11 am

      What a coincidence Tara! I had no idea there was a Great Falls in Montana. I hope you can visit Washington DC some day and hike Great Falls!

  • Sonia
    February 10, 2024 at 11:39 am

    De-stressing and waterfalls are the perfect combination. This looks like a beautiful spot to visit.

    • Terri
      February 10, 2024 at 11:47 am

      I highly recommend a day spent visiting Great Falls National Park if you vacation in Washington DC.

  • Zara Aitken
    February 10, 2024 at 11:43 am

    What a beautiful place! I’ve had a similar “destress” day in nature today. Sometimes it’s just what the soul needs!

    • Terri
      February 10, 2024 at 11:47 am

      We nature lovers can unite. Time in the outdoor is BLISS! 🌿🍃🍂🍁

  • Cait
    February 10, 2024 at 12:06 pm

    You had me at waterfalls! Very informative, been planning to come back to the area for some time so this is some great insp

  • Cait
    February 10, 2024 at 12:07 pm

    You had me at waterfalls! Very informative, been planning to come back to the area for some time so this is some great inspo.

    • Terri
      February 10, 2024 at 12:12 pm

      Wonderful! You will really love this place.

  • Alanna
    February 10, 2024 at 5:08 pm

    What beautiful falls and great guide! I especially appreciate the historical context regarding Powhatan culture.

    • Terri
      February 10, 2024 at 5:36 pm

      Thank you!

  • Linda
    February 10, 2024 at 5:58 pm

    We are always looking for new outdoor spots to enjoy. The Great Falls in Virginia look like a place we would love to visit. The deafening sound of water calls to me too. Lots of great spots for views. But I might pass on trying to kayak these waters.

    • Terri
      February 10, 2024 at 6:01 pm

      I highly recommend you don’t try to kayak. I saw a lot of people flip off lol! But it is fun to watch as an observer.

  • Ashley
    February 10, 2024 at 6:04 pm

    What beautiful viewpoints! This looks like a great place to explore and get lost in nature for awhile.

    • Terri
      February 11, 2024 at 5:18 am

      I do love the different places to stand and watch the water falls!

  • Annie
    February 10, 2024 at 6:47 pm

    Sounds like my kind of place. THank you for sharing.

    • Terri
      February 11, 2024 at 5:17 am

      Nature lovers unite!

  • Laureen Lund
    February 10, 2024 at 10:04 pm

    We lived in this area for a couple years back in the 90s. Looks like it is still San remember. I would love to visit.

    • Terri
      February 11, 2024 at 5:17 am

      Since it is a protected national Park, it remains unchanged. It is a great escape to nature in the DMV.

  • Teja
    February 11, 2024 at 8:38 am

    What a beautiful river, and such lovely wilderness.

    • Terri
      February 12, 2024 at 6:08 am

      It is extraordinary! I love to sit among the boulders and look down on the raging river.

  • Jolayne
    February 11, 2024 at 10:36 am

    I love a great hike that also includes a waterfall. Such a lovely area.

    • Terri
      February 12, 2024 at 6:07 am

      I agree! Water falls never cease to amaze me with their raw beauty.

  • Stephanie
    February 11, 2024 at 11:12 am

    I love finding incredible outdoor attractions like this close to home! Great Falls Park looks like such a great place to visit, especially in the fall. Waterfalls, views, close to home, it looks and sounds like the perfect escape.

    • Terri
      February 12, 2024 at 6:06 am

      It is definitely my escape with my Golden Retriever. I feel so lucky to live near such a natural treasure. Thanks for reading the post.